Research biologists at Smithers average over twenty years of professional experience with fish and invertebrate full life-cycle studies, including two-generation studies, inhibition of shell deposition in molluscs, algal studies, sediment testing, and static and flow-through testing. Our scientists develop novel methodologies, exposure systems and culture techniques to provide customized testing strategies. Our staff are experienced in measuring unique or non-standard endpoints as well as designing innovative techniques to accommodate poorly soluble, highly reactive and/or highly volatile test substances. We offer the most complete portfolio aquatic toxicology testing services with fish, invertebrates, algae and plants.
  • Acute Studies
  • Subchronic Studies (Early Life Stage)
  • Chronic Studies
  • Complex study designs to support pesticide Endocrine Disruption Studies: Fish Short-term Reproductive Assay, (FSTRA), Amphibian Metamorphosis (AMA), Larval Amphibian Growth and Development Assay (LAGDA), Fish Partial Life Cycle (PLC), Fish Sexual Development Testing (FSDT), and Medaka Extended One-Generation test (MEOGRT) and Fish Full-Life Cycle (FFLC) tests
  • Microcosms
  • Specialized solvent-free delivery systems that eliminate the need for solvent controls
  • Customized studies to meet specific endpoint or screening needs